1787September 17U.S. Constitution signedThe Constitution of the United States of America is signed by 38 of 41 delegates present at the conclusion of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. Supporters of the document waged a hard-won battle to win ratification by the necessary nine out of 13 U.S. states. The Articles of Confederation, ratified several months […]


Plaster Cast of CIA Seal

CIA designers developed a rubber mold that they used to produce this plaster cast of the CIA seal with the words “For Exceptional Service” inscribed at the bottom. What’s the Meaning Behind the CIA Seal? E Street Complex Sign with CIA Seal Truman Seal

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Battle of Antietam breaks out

Beginning early on the morning of September 17, 1862, Confederate and Union troops in the Civil War clash near Maryland’s Antietam Creek in the bloodiest single day in American military history. The Battle of Antietam marked the culmination of Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s first invasion of the Northern states. Guiding his Army of Northern […]

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FALLEN AGENT MEMORIALThis memorial honors the sacrifice of those from foreign nations who died while sharing CIA’s mission. The inscription reads: In honor of those who made the ultimate sacrifice in the silent struggle for freedom. The sculpture symbolizes the concepts of unity, giving, trust, globalization, and loss. The fabric drape is representative of a […]



PRESIDENTS GALLERYEach president since the formation of CIA under President Truman has written a note of thanks to the men and women of the CIA. This gallery displays those notes with the president’s photograph.


The (PA)

Privacy Act Enacted in 1974, the Privacy Act, 5 U.S.C. 552a, provides US citizens or permanent resident aliens (PRAs) with a right of access to information concerning themselves that is maintained by any agency in the Executive Branch of the federal government. The Act also established controls over what personal information the federal government collects […]

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CIA – Confidentiality Integrity Availability

INFORMATION/CYBER SECURITY CIA – Confidentiality Integrity Availability CIA triad is simple but widely applicable security model which is designed to guide policies and procedures for information security. It stands for Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability. Confidentiality It is the ability to protect… Difference between Cyber Security and Information Security Cyber Security and Information Security are so […]

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Welcome to The World FactbookThe World Factbook provides information on the history, people and society, government, economy, energy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. The Reference tab includes: a variety of world, regional, country, ocean, and time zone maps; Flags of the World; and a Country Comparison function that ranks […]


Meet our CIA spy dogs!

Ok, well, technically they’re not “spy dogs.” But our CIA K9 Corps serves an important role in our mission. They sniff out explosives and protect CIA officers and our buildings from bombs and other explosive threats. Dogs can find bombs!Dogs have an incredible sense of smell that makes them perfect for finding explosive odors. That’s […]

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National Intelligence Authority. Central Intelligence Group. (1/22/1946 – 9/18/1947)

National Intelligence Authority. Central Intelligence Group. (1/22/1946 – 9/18/1947) (Organization Authority RecordOrganization Name: ) Role(s): Related to 45 catalog description(s)Contributor in 1 description(s)Created 44 series Administrative History Note: The Central Intelligence Group was established under the National Intelligence Authority (NIA) by Presidential directive, January 22, 1946, to plan and coordinate foreign intelligence activities. By National […]

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Doctor Zhivago“No single man makes history. History cannot be seen, just as one cannot see grass growing. Wars and revolutions, kings and Robespierres, are history’s organic agents, its yeast. But revolutions are made by fanatical men of action with one-track mind, geniuses in their ability to confine themselves to a limited field. They overturn the […]

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Medal of Honor Citations

The President, in the name of Congress, has awarded more than 3,400 Medals of Honor to our nation’s bravest Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen since the decoration’s creation in 1861. Last Names starting with “A” and “B” Last Names starting with “C” and “D” Last Names starting with “E” “F” “G” Last Names […]

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CIA Manual of the Soviet Army (1953)

1953 manual covering the Soviet Army produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The purpose of this manual was to give a survey of the leadership, organization, and combat strength of the Soviet Army. Sections cover: State Structure and Military Organization; Military Organization and Capacity; Economic Sources of Power of the Soviet Army; Organization of […]

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CIA Special Activities Division: SAD, SAC & SOG

The Special Activities Division (SAD) was the Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) covert paramilitary operations unit. They were one of America’s most secretive and lowest profile special ops organizations. The Special Activities Division, sometimes referred to as the ‘Special Operations Group’, was made up of Paramilitary Operations Officers. CIA Paramilitaries are typically ex-military personnel and veterans […]

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THE SINO -American Special Cooperative Agreement (SACO).

intelligence and supported Chinese forces in order to tie down as many Japanese troops as possible.21 The OSS began operating in 1943, in conjunction with the U.S. Navy Group, China, and Chinese intelligence, under the Sino-American Special Cooperative Agreement (SACO). Although the OSS conducted several successful operations, SACO’s isolation, lack of supplies, bureaucratic obstacles, and […]

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Think you know the real CIA?Secret gadgets? Sneaking around in trench coats? Danger around every corner? There’s a little of that, but the real CIA is more complex and interesting than you can imagine. Who are we?A lot of people think that CIA employees lurk around in trench coats, send coded messages, and use exotic […]

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Creating Global Intelligence

The Creation of the Intelligence Community.President Truman shuttered the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) as an unneeded, wartime-only special operations/quasi-intelligence agency. The State Department, the Navy, and the War Department quickly recognized that a secret information vacuum loomed and urged the creation of something to replace OSS.These previously declassified and released documents present the thoughtful […]

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1795August 18 ; George Washington signs Jay Treaty with Britain

On August 18, 1795, President George Washington signs the Jay (or “Jay’s”) Treaty with Great Britain. This treaty, known officially as the “Treaty of Amity Commerce and Navigation, between His Britannic Majesty; and The United States of America” attempted to diffuse the tensions between England and the United States that had risen to renewed heights […]

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Lunik on Loan: A Space Age Spy Story

The Cold War and the emerging space race were in full swing in the late 1950s. CIA kept President Eisenhower regularly apprised on the progress of the Soviet space program, which became a subject of worldwide attention following the successful 1957 launch of Sputnik—the first artificial satellite and the first manmade object to be placed […]

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Operation Condor Countries Used Crypto AG Devices Without Realizing the CIA Owned the Company, National Security Archive Documents Reveal Encryption revelations raise questions about U.S. official knowledge of Argentina “dirty war” atrocities, Chile’s Letelier assassination, Southern Cone military dictatorships Swiss encryption company secretly owned by U.S. and German intelligence agencies, according to records obtained by […]


Tactical Defense Space Reconnaissance Program

The TacDSR Program is a major functional program within the Department of Defense (DoD) Military Intelligence Program (MIP). Authority to oversee the day-to-day management of the TacDSR program has been delegated to the Director, National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), and sub-delegated to the NRO Mission Integration Directorate (MID). TacDSR directly answers emerging warfighting intelligence requirements of […]

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Argentina’s House of Horrors: CIA Document Leads Human Rights Investigators to Previously Unidentified Clandestine Torture Center

CIA Document Leads Human Rights Investigators to Previously Unidentified Clandestine Torture Center Declassified U.S. Records Reveal Address of House Used by State Intelligence Service to Interrogate, Disappear Victims after March 1976 Military Coup U.S. Citizen was Detained, Abused at Black Site on Bacacay street in Buenos Aires Argentina’s House of Horrors: CIA Document Leads Human […]

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The CIA Black Sites Program and the Gina Haspel Nomination

The National Security Archive has already identified key questions about Haspel’s record . the Archive provides the basis for an evidence-based review of the Rendition, Detention and Interrogation (RDI) program, posting a selection of the most recent versions of declassified documents that reveal the RDI’s background. Classification and redaction still cover key facts in the […]

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WHO requires US$ 15 million to support immediate Beirut blast response and ensure vital health and disease prevention activities are maintained

WHO requires US$ 15 million to support immediate Beirut blast response and ensure vital health and disease prevention activities are maintained Cairo/Beirut, August 6, 2020 – As the public health impact of the Beirut blast becomes clearer, WHO is calling for US$ 15 million to cover immediate emergency trauma and humanitarian health needs and ensure […]

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The Directorate of Science and Technology (DS&T)

The Directorate of Science and Technology (DS&T) is one of five major components whose employees carry out the CIA’s mission. The DS&T brings expertise to solve our nation’s most pressing intelligence problems. We attack national intelligence problems with effective targeting, bold technology and superb tradecraft. We create, adapt, develop, and operate technical collection systems and […]

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A lecture delivered in 1947 by the father of scientific intelligence, a classic of the literature, is reproduced here because it bears witness to the labors of the infant Hercules, contributes to the intelligence history of the war, and says some wise things about the nature of intelligence. SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE Public statements regarding intelligence are […]


Compromise of the Great Seal

60 years ago , at a meeting of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and in front of a captivated global audience, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (UN) Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. unveiled a shocking piece of Soviet subversion – one that confirmed for the public a spy vs. spy game that would come […]

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The History of CIA’s SealIf you’ve spent time on CIA’s website or browsed through our social media accounts, you’re no doubt familiar with our seal. Made famous by countless Hollywood films and TV shows, the CIA seal featured on the floor at our Headquarters in Langley, Virginia has become almost as famous as the Agency […]



A Communications Branch instructor demonstrates a radio to an OSS recruit at Area C.The mission of the Communications Branch was to recruit and train military and civilian radio operators at OSS training camps and to develop radios and communications devices tailored to specific assignments. The branch had its genesis in the COI period, but did […]



The mission of the Research and Development (R&D) branch was to develop devices to help undercover OSS agents, enhance intelligence gathering, or to facilitate sabotage operations. Like “Q” in the James Bond movies, the OSS R&D branch developed or contracted for the fabrication of special weapons and devices. The branch cooperated extensively with the British, […]


Military award for valor.

The Medal of Honor is our nation’s highest military award for valor. The fierce fighting and deeds of valor that occurred during the American Civil War brought home the realization that such acts should be officially recognized. Taking the example of General George Washington’s earlier experiences of honoring such deeds with the Badge of Military […]

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Equal protection of the laws.

Austria-Hungary declares war on SerbiaThe outbreak of World War I, the conflict would grow to embroil most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the United States, the Middle East, and more. Europe by 1914 Assassination of Franz Ferdinand The Road to World War I The Great War and Its Impact

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THE OSS and British Special Operations Executive (SOE) in the Far East

Detachment 404 was formed to help coordinate intelligence collection and operations of covert organizations like the OSS and British Special Operations Executive (SOE) in the Far East. Detachment 404 also recruited indigenous personnel from enemy-controlled areas to be reinserted as trained agents via submarines. In addition, it established coast watchers to gather meteorological and topographical […]

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The American equivalent to the British Special Operations Executive (SOE)

SPECIAL OPERATIONS1LT Herbert Brucker is decorated with the Distinquished Service Cross for his actions on Team HERMIT in France, 1944.Set up as the American equivalent to the British Special Operations Executive (SOE), the Special Operations (SO) branch was to “effect physical subversion of the enemy,” in three distinct phases: infiltration and preparation, sabotage and subversion, […]

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It ended almost 150 years ago. But Americans still discuss, debate, and disagree about the Civil War. No one alive today lived during this momentous conflict. Time and myth have obscured our perspective on the war. So how do we know what happened? Very often, we find answers and stories in records left by the […]